Modern Architecture

Architects create homes, office towers, schools and churches.

Today, we have structural systems, which can exercise complete control over space. We can span huge voids, we can enclose vertical space to any height. New methods of analysis have shown the way of designing structures as live structures, in which each member contributes its share to the stability of the whole and this is made with the minimum expenditure of material, without depriving modern architecture of its expression. Sheer mass, which used to be used in the olden days to suggest stability as an architectural expression, is losing its significance. Stress is placed on economy of construction and a structure is designed as slender as may be consistent with strength. This effect of lightness is further enhanced by use of bright surface and smooth finishes especially glass—which modern science has made available.

Modern trend in architecture is to give face treatment as a means to express the purpose for which the building is created. An astlar masonry with raked-back joint produces an impression of character, quite different from that obtained with flush jointing. Similar is the case with brick-work and its jointing. In recent years, many experiments have been made in the direction of supplanting stone, brick, tiles, marbles and quartzite by other substitutes like metals, steel. aluminium, copper, porcelain enamelled iron, prefabricated slabs, resin bounded plywood, asbestos etc. for external cladding. These with their characteristic texture, colour and properties in respect of absorption and refraction of light, are made to bring out the purpose for which buildings are erected. Thus the development and rapid progress of technology have given very useful tools, in the hands of the architects, for bringing out the beauties latent in the nature of the materials, and for enhancing the aesthetic value of his structures, with economy. Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.

Neomodern Art is a reaction to the complexity of postmodern architecture and eclecticism, seeking greater simplicity.