Architecture has all along been the outcome of an efficient coordination of the effect of a number of technological experts. More so is it today. In fact, the architects’ office of today are tending to be increasingly occupied by technological experts, dealing with the engineering and mechanical services of design. The new methods of structural analysis in steel and concrete have enabled modern architects to incorporate newer and more appealing form to roofs, canopies and building profiles which would have been impossible but for technological advances in the design of steel and R.C.C. structures. Though steel and concrete frame structures are in current use, structural possibility has not ended with them. Prestressed concrete is slowly, but surely, taking the place of reinforced concrete. At present, it is largely used for construction of bridges, tanks, industrial buildings, etc. But it is simply a matter of time, before its use spread over a much wider field, to include the realm of multi-storeyed buildings.
In addition to certain of its advantages over reinforced concrete, it is also a competitor to steel in the matter of the ratio of depth to span of members subject to bending. The use of prestressed concrete would make all future structures still lighter, for equal strength and, therefore, much more economical and pleasing.
To sum up:
(1) Technological progress has always influenced the architecture of any period.
(2) Such technological progress has consisted in the periodical advent of:
(a) new materials of construction either natural or artificial.
(b) new methods or processes or construction including finishing, etc.
(c) new conceptions, theories, calculations and design principles, as a result of the continuous research.
(d) new demands made by almost every sphere of human activity, from simple protection for residential purposes to the most complex of industrial and other structures of modern times.
(3) Without the utilisation of the results of technological development, the architectural requirements of strength, permanence, beauty, economy and efficiency could not have been secured in architectural work.
(4) Architecture, without technological progress, would have stayed stagnant, stereotyped and incapable of the many artifices, which impart truth, beauty and goodness to structures.
(5) Technology holds architecture in its grip and every architect has, therefore, to remain abreast of all technical developments in the matter of design, construction and materials, if he has to keep himself professionally up to date.Tags: modern infrastructure