There is a saying that necessity is the mother of invention. In Britain, during the second world war, numerous prefabricated houses were put up to meet housing shortage. Even in India, production of prefabs was given a trial to meet a similar situation. It is merely a question of time that these ready-made building components of beams, columns, wall panels, etc., will change the whole nature of building construction and along with it called a revolution in architectural conception and construction. Economy and speed of construction are additional requirements of the present civilised age, which calls for strength, permanence, economy and beauty. Coming to specialist buildings, the architect cannot begin his design until he has analysed in detail the functions the building has to fulfil. If it is a hospital, he has to acquaint himself with hospital routine, in order that he may be able to orient and arrange the different rooms, so that the doctors and the nurses may do their jobs efficiently.
If it is a factory, he has to study the manufacturing processes, in order to help them to run efficiently. Compared to the ancient times, when planning was simple as it followed the accepted pattern with minor variations to suit, the present-day planning of buildings is continually becoming more complex and technologically influenced, on account of the continued research into the way they have to function. The architect has to study acoustic effects and the effect of absorbents and reflectors as if he were a physicist if he has to plan modern theatres and auditoriums, so that they may be cent per cent effective. As our life grows more complex with the advance of technology, scientific methods of analysis become absolutely necessary for the planning of buildings, only when the best plan arrangement has taken shape in his mind is the architect ready to think of what his building should look vertically as well as horizontally. As the general outline takes shape in his mind, he will consider what kind of treatment will suit it best. The modern architect is a constructor as well as a designer. Though he is not expected to fulfil an engineer’s role, he must collaborate with those who specialise in steel work, in reinforced concrete, in heating, in lighting, in sanitation, in fire fighting and in the many other sciences, before he can execute a modern building.
planning of buildings
There are no rules of architecture for a castle in the clouds.